INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE STYLES

November 15, 2021

Interior architecture styles are a key part in creating the identity of any project, and choosing which one best suits your proposal is often a challenge.

Issues with aesthetics, functionality and even personality must be taken into consideration when choosing the most suitable style for your project.

But do you really know the main styles?

If you still have doubts or get confused when it comes to interior architecture styles, this publication is for you! Let's get to know the main styles so that you can choose the one that best suits your project's profile!

14 INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE STYLES

interior-architecture-styles

Defining the style of interior architecture requires that you know the characteristics and profile of each one of them,  just like fashion, the chosen style says a lot about personal tastes or even the personality of each person.

Even though each style has its peculiarities, knowing its main characteristics allows you to propose well-designed environments that are also authorial, that is, express your own professional style.

So let's get to know the main styles of interior architecture and their main features.

CLASSIC

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One of the most striking styles is the classic without a doubt. With a reminiscent pattern of palaces, it provides an atmosphere of great elegance and luxury.

The classic style is characterized by the symmetrical pattern of its composition, in addition to the predominance of materials such as crystals, golden pieces, velvet, plush rugs and everything else that evokes a sumptuous atmosphere.

One thing is for sure, the classic style never goes out of style. Over time, it underwent new interpretations, combined with more modern and contemporary trends, being widely used in interior projects.


CONTEMPORARY

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Source: The Design Files, Photography by The Palm Co.

The contemporary style follows a clean pattern with straight lines and a lot of elegance. It is characterized by wide spaces, with straight lines and focused on the essential, having a rational distribution of space.

In a contemporary environment, “raw” materials, such as concrete, calmly dialogue with finer finishing patterns, always using neutral colors, light tones and lots of transparency, where glass and metal are widely used.

It has a practical decoration and few pieces, which give a whole personality to the environment, being a widely used interior architecture style.

RETRO

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The retro style is based on furniture design that harkens back to the past, but uses current technology to be manufactured. You know that 1920s style radio that has a USB port? This is a retro object.

The main characteristic of the Retro style is the furniture design, such as sofas with toothpicks, appliances with rounded edges, all of which are current elements, but with an old style.

Nostalgia is a key factor in this style, which in addition to referring to the past, is usually a happy and fun style.

HIGH TECH

interior-architecture-styles

Fonte: Interior Design, Fotografia de DIRTT + Lane Office.

In the high tech style, the use of technology predominates, mixing functionality, automation and the latest design trends.

The materials used are also the most technological such as vinyl, rubber, silicone and plastics in general, chrome metals and of course, LED lighting.

High Tech is no longer that distant future we imagine, it is already incorporated into our daily lives, and will always be present in any project.

INDUSTRIAL

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Inspired by the New York sheds that were transformed into residential Lofts, the Industrial style disseminated the style of integrated environments, which is one of its trademarks.

The industrial style is one of the easiest to identify, due to the use of materials such as exposed brick, exposed concrete, reused industrial items such as light fixtures and wire mesh, with a “do it yourself” footprint.

Reusing materials in their raw form, the industrial style offers a simple, spacious and striking atmosphere.

MINIMALIST

interior-architecture-styles

Source: Home Design, Photography by Abluebird Photography 

Minimalism states “less is more” and goes against consumerism, focusing on the essential.

Its main characteristic is its clean style: very little furniture, and even the absence of accessories is common, with the predominance of colors such as white and beige.

Minimalism is much more than the design of a space, it is a lifestyle that prioritizes the essential and the functional, which is reflected in everything, especially in the design of spaces.

RUSTIC

interior-architecture-styles

The rustic style is one that immediately reminds us of coziness, due to its rural origin.

We have a predominance of unfinished materials such as cast iron, copper, unfinished wood (even furniture or coverings), a lot of regional crafts, with items made by hand.

Even though it is a style that evokes simplicity, its environments are very welcoming, conveying a rural and natural atmosphere.

PROVENÇAL

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Source: Cool Chic Style. Designer: Ann McGovern, Photography by Elle Russia.

The Provençal style arose in France as an attempt from the less favored classes to reproduce the royal style of the Louis XVI period.

Peasants began lining walls with fabric, which gave rise to wallpaper as we know it today, painting furniture in white, creating the patina style, using furniture in both sinuous and straight-line patterns, creating an identity of its own.

Using colors like white, green and blue, the Provencal style provides a delicate, romantic and somewhat naive atmosphere, with a very intimate air.

VINTAGE

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Fonte: TRIM DESIGN CO.

The vintage style values old and original pieces,  because they mark the time for their style or even the history they bring, having a strong sentimental appeal.

The range here is quite wide, as there are furniture items such as dressers, dressers, sofas, etc., as well as small decorative items, such as cameras, typewriters or any analog item.

The vintage style is marked either by the identity of the time or how the owner identifies with the decor elements that will be used, creating a cozy atmosphere full of good memories.

ETHNIC

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Ethnic style can be seen as a trip to different cultures, both to African, Eastern and Arab countries, as well as our own roots, such as indigenous or even religious cultures.

Its main feature is its symbology and religious character, in addition to its strong regional identity. The presence of mandalas, tribal symbols or any item that identifies a culture.

The Ethnic style represents the cultural identity of a people. It is  a mixture of memories, traditions, desires and emotions. 

SCANDINAVIAN

interior-architecture-styles

From northern Europe, we have the Scandinavian style, strongly linked to simplicity and functionality. It presents an identity that refers to nature inside the home.

Its composition employs a color palette between white and neutral, combining wood and the use of quilts, blankets and rugs.

With a style that obeys the concept of “less is more”, the Scandinavian style is unpretentious, but the comfort and coziness pleases everyone.

MODERN

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Originating in the modernist movement, the modern style had the ideal of abandoning everything traditional.

Don't confuse the modern style with the contemporary, which can be seen as post-modern.

In the modern style we have a pattern of straight lines and purposeful objects, where the orthogonal lines serve as the basis for the layout of spaces.

With a strong predominance of materials such as glass, concrete and metal, focused on functionality without leaving design aside.

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ROMANTIC

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The romantic style is delicate and serene, but not necessarily feminine. Values for intimacy are widely used in bedrooms.

It is also very linked to coziness, with upholstered furniture such as armchairs and benches, with a predominance of soft tones and pink.

With an unpretentious decoration, the romantic style is very welcoming and comfortable, which with its charm pleases everyone.

ORIENTAL

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The oriental style draws attention for its simplicity and functionality, always working with balance and organization.

The oriental style is not limited to Japanese and Chinese cultures, but explores countries across Asia.

This expands the range of options, where a Chinese decoration works with colors such as red, black and gold, and in Japanese we have beige, light green and floral prints, allowing for different types of combinations.

Full of balance and harmony, the oriental style provides a feeling of peace and it is much appreciated for that.

CONCLUSION

The styles of interior architecture offer a wide range of options, allowing you to choose what is most aligned  with your client's profile, providing a guide for your project adding style and functionality.

It is essential that every professional knows the main styles and their characteristics, and identifies which of them can be best used in each type of project.

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The author of the article

Luis André
Master of architecture, product designer and professor. Sharing professional content from leading architectural software for 10 years.
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